SLELO PRISM

Salmon River Restoration

After completing a feasibility study, partners of the SLELO PRISM endorsed an initiative to restore portions of the Salmon River by 1) Suppressing Japanese knotweed populations, 2) Restoring treated sites by planting native seed and plants and 3) implementing a robust educational & outreach component.

Project Success:
Based on the original project goal which was to suppress knotweed populations and given an estimated 35% regrowth of knotweed after three consecutive treatments at some locations, it is reasonable to conclude that we achieved a 65% suppression rate.

Site restoration ranges from moderate to good. Two monitored sites DOT-1 and DSR-2 show little or no knotweed regrowth and very good native plant and grass growth. This same observation is noticed at additional sites treated along the river. Site DSR-1 shows good suppression, but some knotweed regrowth.

In general, the Salmon River corridor appears much different than it did three years ago. As you walk sections of the river banks there is noticeably much less knotweed and people, especially the angling community seem to have greater awareness of Japanese knotweed.

Suppression Results and Field Observations:

* 8.68 total acres of knotweed treated a minimum of three times over a three year period.
* Moderate to excellent suppression at most sites.
* Eradication at only a few sites (no regrowth during the third year).
* Plant mortality at predominately shade sites was noticeably greater than at sunny sites.
* Stem injection delivery resulted in a more rapid “initial” die-off, but long term there were no observed differences in mortality between injected sites and foliar treated sites.
* Soil type played no role as there was no observed difference in mortality between sites with rock soils verses silty-loam soils.

Site Restoration Results and Field Observations:

* 51,500 sq. feet restored to native grass using annual ryegrass, perennial ryegrass and little bluestem mix at 21 locations.
* 20% live stake survival using native on-site plant materials.
* 100 White Pine tree seedlings in 2016 as supplemental restoration.
* Site restoration ranges from moderate to good. Two monitored sites DOT-1 and DSR-2 show little or no knotweed regrowth and very good native plant and grass growth. This same observation is noticed at additional sites treated along the river. Site DSR-1 shows good suppression, but some knotweed regrowth.
* First native plants to volunteer at upstream sites included; jewelweed, smartweed, ferns, grass and maple tree seedlings.

Education & Outreach:

* Presentations to key stakeholders including the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the SLELO PRISM Partnership and representatives of the Salmon River Fish Hatchery.
* Four hundred informational pamphlets were disseminated at multiple distribution points to include: tackle shops, fish cleaning stations, stores, overnight accommodations and at the main entry gate at the Douglaston Salmon Run property.
* Informational flyers targeting conservationists and anglers were posted at all DEC kiosks at fishing access sites along the river with permission from DEC.
* River steward efforts (person-to-person dialog) along the river reached out to a total of 65 anglers.

Acknowledgements:
On behalf of the SLELO partnership, we would like to thank the numerous landowners who gave us permission to access their property along the river for without their permission, this project would have never taken place. We also wish to thank the NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation, The NYS Environmental Protection Fund, The Salmon River Fish Hatchery, Millers Turf Inc., Niagara Mohawk, National Grid and the Village of Pulaski for their cooperation. Thank you to The Nature Conservancy staff whom supported many aspects of this project; including grant administration, field operations, data management & analysis, human resources and especially our seasonal employees who set afoot day in and day out.

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PREVENTION
Prevent the introduction of invasive species into the SLELO PRISM.

EARLY DETECTION & RAPID RESPONSE
Rapidly detect new and recent invaders and eliminate all individuals within a specific area.

COOPERATION
Share resources, including funding personnel, equipment, information, and expertise.

INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
Collect, utilize, and share information regarding surveys, infestations, control methods, monitoring, and research.

CONTROL
Control invasive species infestations by using best management practices, methods and techniques to include: ERADICATION (which is to eliminate all individuals and the seed bank from an area), CONTAINMENT (which is reducing the spread of established infestations from entering an uninfested area) and SUPPRESSION which is to reduce the density but not necessarily the total infested area.

RESTORATION
Develop and implement effective restoration methods for areas that have been degraded by invasive species and where suppression or control has taken place.

EDUCATION & OUTREACH
Increase public awareness and understanding of invasive species.

INNOVATION
Develop and implement innovative technologies that help us to better understand, visualize, alleviate or manage invasive species and their impacts or that serve to strengthen ecosystem function and/or processes.

Rob Williams
PRISM Coordinator

Megan Pistolese
Outreach and Education

Brittney Rogers
Aquatic Invasive Species

Robert Smith
Terrestrial Invasive Species

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