Tench

(Tinca tinca)

Tench Swimming Video

 

DESCRIPTION:

Tench (Tinca tinca) are an invasive fish native to Europe and Western Asia. They are a member of the minnow/carp family Cyprinidae and were introduced to the U.S. as a food and sport fish.

DISTRIBUTION:

Tench was illegally introduced by an unlicensed fish farm in the 1980’s to the Richelieu River, a tributary of the St. Lawrence River. It is currently found in the Columbia watershed in British Columbia, and is well established in the U.S. Mississippi River Watershed. There is concern Tench may spread to the St. Lawrence River and eventually to Lake Ontario and other Great Lakes.

IMPACTS:

Tench inhabit weedy/muddy water bottoms. They have high reproductive rates, long lifespans and can survive in low-oxygen environments. They are generalist predators whose diet includes fish eggs, snails and other benthic invertebrates which puts them in direct competition with many native fish species. Tench have the ability to diminish aquatic food-webs, increase water turbidity, and introduce non-native parasites into the Great Lakes. Early detection of Tench is extremely important in preventing their spread into the Great Lakes basin.

 

IDENTIFICATION:

Size

Tench can group up to 18 inches in length and weight up to 10-12 pounds.

Color/ Description

Tench have dark olive to pale golden coloring and a white bronzy belly and bright red/orange eyes. They have a terminal mouth with a barbel at each corner. Fins are dark colored and rounded, with no spines.

 

CONTROL/ MANAGEMENT:

You can help stop their spread by learning how to recognize Tench and keeping an eye out for this fish. Help find tench by joining our Invasive Species Surveillance Volunteer Network

Search for Tench in the St. Lawrence River between Cape Vincent and Massena, NY. Pay special attention to waterbodies near farming ponds. Golden colored Tench varieties are popular aquarium species.

Do not use Tench as bait. Never release unwanted pets or dump unused bait into waterways, doing so may spread invasive species. 

 If you think you have found Tench:

Note your location.

Don’t release the specimen, put it on ice.

Take close-up photos of the specimen.

Notify SLELO PRISM at 315-387-3600 (x 7725) rwilliams@tnc.org

Photo credits: 

Title photo by Alan Butterworth www.bugwood.org 

Side by side photo retrieved from Invadingspecies.com

Tench in hands photo by Sunci Avlijas www.bugwood.org 

Copyright © 2018 St. Lawrence Eastern-Lake Ontario Partnership for Regional Invasive Species Management.
All Rights Reserved.